When you are in the process of selecting information, you are generally
scanning lists, looking at results, considering an answer provided to you
because of a search you have done. How do you make sense of all that to
determine just what it is you have found and which will be good resources for
There are two levels of selection you must go through in picking good
a. Start your first pass at gathering information by looking for your key
ideas to be present in the lists you scan. Are the key words used in the right
context and for the meaning you intended?
b. Do you have the proper information formats for your needs? If the key
ideas are present, is it the right publication format for your need? In other
words, from your list, can you tell if the information source is a book? A
magazine article? A conference paper? A podcast? Is it scholarly or popular? Is
To know, you must be able to recognize what different information
types look like in different kinds of lists.
Become familiar with citation styles. Here is
guide to help you with this.
Learn the difference between a web page and an article.
Know that a book can be electronic or paper .
Know that an article can be electronic or paper.
Know that a web page is always part of a larger web site and an
article is always part of a larger magazine or journal. This gives
each some context.
Here are examples of what different information types might look like in
Reference to an article
Go Ahead--Cry at Work. Detail Only Available By: Kreamer, Anne. Time.
4/4/2011, Vol. 177 Issue 13, p52-55. 4p.
Reference to a book
The craft of research / Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M.
Williams Booth, Wayne C Chicago : University of Chicago Press, c2008.
If the right ideas are present in the source you've selected and it is
the proper publication type for your needs, you must finally read the
resource carefully and further evaluate it for the sorts of qualities
explained more deeply in the Evaluating
Web Sites tutorial.
Final Note on selection:
All these information types mix and match in the world in a whole variety of
Articles can be popular, scholarly or professional. They come in
print and online.
Scholarly information can be objective or subjective, as can
Be more wary of popular information that is subjective as it may
or may not be based on solid thinking.
A book can be electronic or print, scholarly or popular.
A blog post can be personal, professional or scholarly.
information types. Identify the correct information type for each image
(see answers below).