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5. Making an Argument: Where do you get those elements?

The table below will help you figure that out which elements may come from your professor, which you just have to think about, which you have to write, and which you have to find in your resources.


The question you (or your professor) want answered
Your claim or thesis
One or more reasons
Evidence for each reason
Others' objections counterarguments, or alternative solutions
Your acknowledgment of others' objections, counterarguments, or alternative solutions
Response to others' objections, counterarguments, or alternative solutions.



Which elements seem to not have any connection to your resources? (Look back at the table, if necessary.)  Complete the Connected to Resources activity.


The order in which the elements should appear in your argument essays and papers may depend on which discipline your course is in. So always adhere to the advice provided by your professor.

One common arrangement for argument essays and papers is to begin by writing an introduction whose last sentence or two is your thesis/claim. Then write the body of your essay or paper, consisting of:

After the body, end by stating your thesis in a different way as a conclusion.

Take a look at these sites for argument essay advice for students:

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